Although this is not difficult to understand, it is not always recognized in the same way that the market, located outside the reach of any external arbiter of the economic game (as occurs in the neoliberal project), does not have the objective rationality that is requested. The market prefers to be guided by an instrumental and individualistic reason that transnationalizes and breaks down borders, not to meet universal values or seek the satisfaction of common needs of humanity, but to maximize the use of existing resources based on the profit of economic agents. In other words, the brutal expansion of the international economy in recent decades was made possible through the growing deregulation of national markets.
Circumstance that, unfortunately, transformed the international market into responsible for a double process of economic and environmental “rationalization”, but with opposite meanings. Contrary to neoliberal optimism, while one process, the economic one, increases order and global governance, the Email Lists Database other, the environmental one, favors disorder and undermines governance. Contrary to neoliberal optimism, while one process, the economic one, increases the order and global governability of the system through an increase in rationality in the use of resources and the use of comparative advantages among nations, the other, the environmental one, it favors disorder and harms governability, by allowing and facilitating the increase in ecological degradation on the planet.
Here are two of the most important aspects to be highlighted from an ecological point of view3. The first refers to the existing contradiction between an international policy of free trade and the essential, from an ecological point of view, processes of internalization of environmental costs in the prices of products, possibly in force in some countries.