Foreign debt, technology transfer, etc. Rhetoric and lack of rationality The rhetoric of many of the documents and speeches on the environment and development, produced before and during the Conference and the Global Forum (all equally marked by the perception that humanity was experiencing a great historical moment), can lead the observer unprepared to believe that all the scheduled problems could have easy and consensual solutions. These solutions would depend on the putting into practice of two widely publicized and apparently universally accepted ideas: international cooperation and sustainable development.
Contrary to this “wishful thinking” rhetoric, the concrete results achieved by the UNCED, although they should not be underestimated, were not really up to the seriousness of the problems Email Lists Database that were on its agenda. It is easy to see that most of the governments of the rich countries (the “North”), with the clear exception of Germany, the Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries in general, are still not convinced of the need to introduce limits and important changes to the system. global economy for the benefit of the environment.
Quite evident circumstances, for example, in the resistance of the United States to sign the Biodiversity Convention and in the absence of specific goals and deadlines for the decisions taken, both in terms of limiting the emissions responsible for climate change, as in the contribution of the necessary funds to finance Agenda 21 (the program of action of the Conference). Despite having much more to gain than to lose, numerous poor countries (the «South») did not facilitate the achievement of global agreements either, remaining prisoners of the defenses of their «sovereignty» and of the logic of a world antagonized around the North-South axis, in both cases supposedly to guarantee the best use of its natural resources in pursuit of accelerated economic growth.